Translation Ethics Moral Issues In The Translation Business

Clients rely on the translator to provide a translation that does full justice to the source text. This means that the translation should cover every aspect and connotation in the source, and should not add any material or connotations extraneous to that source, nor hints of the translators personal opinion with respect to the subject-matter. Clients that are particularly keen on ensuring that this practice is adhered to will ask for a sworn translation, but most professionals would agree that the general principles underlying sworn translations also apply to translation in general, and should be used accordingly. This is easier said than done, however. While it is true that translations should be reliable and undistorted reflections of the source in a different language, clients will also expect an attractive text that is pleasant to read and effective in achieving its purpose. It is impossible to simply convert the content of the source text into the target language: the requirements of register, stylistic authenticity and readability inevitably entail some degree of modification of the original.

Having said that, there is general consensus that clients can rightfully expect a translator to possess professional skills, which entails that the translator should not accept a translation job if he feels incapable of providing a high-quality text, for instance because the subject-matter is not within his field of expertise.

Another interesting issue is that of errors in the source text. The requirement of faithfulness dictates that any errors found should simply be copied into the translation, but this obviously clashes with every serious translators common sense and desire to produce a text that is free from error and, if at all possible, even better than the original. Sometimes a translator might even feel the urge to protect the authors reputation if he suspects that the content or tone of voice of the source text would open its author to ridicule. One example is that of a CEO whose deputy speechwriter had come up with a New Years speech in a raving populist style. The translator in this case had decided to somewhat neutralise the invective, while of course pointing out to the client that he had taken liberties with the text in order to adapt it to the tastes of the target audience.
The obvious strategy in these cases is to highlight errors or problems and ask the client to reconsider his text, and while many clients will indeed appreciate such perspicacity, others will condemn the translator for being pedantic. Clearly there is no ideal remedy.

These, however, are all technical issues. The real dilemmas are found at a different level, for example when a professional is asked to do a translation of a text whose contents clash with his or her personal moral beliefs. One example from professional practice is that of a website for a womens rights organisation, which several Arab translators refused to translate because one section concerned womens sexual freedom and the rights of lesbians. While the obvious an only acceptable response to such refusal is to respect it, this issue does raise interesting questions about the translators relation to the text he translates and the extent of his responsibility for its contents, or his complicity with its objective. The latter would apply, for example, to a person agreeing to translate the election manifesto of a political party whose views he does not subscribe to. In some jurisdictions, a translator working on the translation of a hate speech might even be committing a criminal offence. Generally speaking, however, decisions in this category very much depend on the translators personal orthodoxy. People who depend on translation for their livelihood can be expected to be slightly more liberal-minded than those who can afford to refuse unsavoury orders thanks to alternative sources of income.

There is also a category of texts which, at first sight, appear to be positively illegal. If a translator agreed to translate bomb-making instructions, would he be responsible for attacks committed with the bombs produced with the help of such instructions? He certainly would, in our view, if he did not take the trouble of finding out who needed the translation, and for what purpose it was required. If the nature of the client were sufficiently obscure to raise even the slightest concern, no translator in his right mind would accept such an order. However, if the translation was commissioned by a government authority as part of efforts to study terrorists practices, the translator might actually contribute to a good cause by translating even the most reprehensible texts.

To sum up, it is clear that translators in addition to grappling with the technical content of source texts may be up to some morally challenging tasks as well. While guidelines and codes of conduct exist to help translators formulate their stance in general ethical issues, in many cases the approach to practical moral dilemmas in translation will be a matter of personal consideration and assessment, aided by the translators knowledge of the client.

About translation agency beedigdevertaling.eu
Beedigdevertaling.eu, established in the Netherlands, is a professional translation agency with a primary focus on the Dutch and international business community, and on public and semi-public institutions. Our principal strengths lie in the financial, legal and medical sectors, as well as in commerce, advertising and media. Our client base includes some of the largest corporate enterprises in Europe.

Palestine Travel Information for Business

Palestine Travel Information for Business Language The official language of Palestine is Arabic, but English is widely spoken – especially in the major towns and cities. Hebrew, French, German and Spanish are also spoken by many Palestinians but to a lesser extent.

Currency & money Currencies used in Palestine include the Jordanian Dinar and the US Dollar, but the most popular is the New Israeli Shekel (NIS). Visitors are advised to take dollars and Euros, but any other major European currency can also be freely changed at banks and money changers. Major credit cards, Visa, MasterCard, Diners Club and American express are all accepted in banks, hotels and restaurants as well as with many ATMs.

Climate & attire The weather in Palestine is usually moderate but July and August are typically the hottest during the year. However, evening hours experience cooler temperatures. Summer highs typically reach 35 Celsius and in the winter they can drop as low as 0 Celsius. In the workplace, the dress code varies amongst the different types of companies; however the majority of organizations dress business casual.

Time & hours Business hours of operations for different organizations across Palestine are not standardized; therefore it’s important to check the opening hours of the specific businesses you wish to visit during your stay. The opening hours of retail and corporate businesses are as diverse as Palestine itself. . In areas such as East Jerusalem, the Gaza Strip and the West Bank you will find that the majority of businesses close all day on Friday to observe the Muslim holy day. In addition, larger companies also close on Saturday for an additional time off of work while smaller retail shops and businesses open and thus operate six days/week. It is also important to keep in mind that many businesses drastically change their hours of operations during the holy month of Ramadan when Muslims fast from sunrise until sunset. Ramadan follows the lunar calendar therefore it falls at a different time every year, business is typically slow during this time. Christian owned businesses, which are mainly concentrated in Jerusalem’s Old City, Bethlehem, and in some parts of Ramallah officially close on Sundays to observe their day of worship.. Some of these businesses also close an additional day (Saturday) to observe a longer weekend. Furthermore, many retail shops typically operate extended hours and tend to close later at night when traffic in the city dies down, which makes for a convenient shopping experience. Palestine Standard time: Two hours ahead of Greenwich Mean Time (GMT +2).

Telecommunication Many countries around the world have upgraded their networks from 3G to 4G while Palestine is still unable to access 3G. Palestinian telecommunication companies are unable to provide 3G services due to the occupation from the Israeli government. Israeli authorities control cellular networks throughout the West Bank and Gaza strip making it harder to do business and access important information on the go. There are ongoing political debates and discussions around the issue and the Palestinian Authority (PA) is trying its best to resolve this issue in the upcoming years. This could be somewhat of an obstacle to some business travelers, however the majority of Palestinians have put forth great efforts to offer customers and clients free WIFI connectivity in office buildings, retail shops, restaurants, hotels, etc. In addition, make sure you electrical equipment is suitable for the voltage specifications in Palestine. The power supply in Palestine is a single phase 220 volts at 50 Hertz, which is comparable to many European countries. Another tip is to remember to let your cell phone provider aware of your travel plans in order to ensure that your devise operates in Palestine. Currently there are two Palestinian mobile operators working in Palestine, Jawwal & Wataniya so be sure to check which operators give you better rates with your local mobile operator.

Food We recommend you make use of the concierge service within your hotel for making dining reservations. Your hotel concierge will be able to recommend the best restaurants in the area for you, and may even be able to get you reservations in a restaurant that is fully booked. Chain restaurants are not typically found in Palestine. Most people dine at local and independent restaurants, which are known to offer delicious authentic dishes. Unfortunately, not all restaurants have websites, however a list of restaurants by city can be found by clicking on www.visitpalestine.ps

Lodging & transportation Finding the right hotel can sometimes be a difficult process. If you plan to stay in East Jerusalem, you will have a number of options to choose from like the Ambassador Hotel, Jerusalem Hotel, and National Hotel. If you plan to stay in Ramallah, the Mvenpick, Royal Court Suites, and Grand Park are a great choice. To see a list of all hotels in Palestine www.visitpalestine.ps can provide you with a full list of lodging options.

In order for you to get to all of your meetings on time, we recommend you use a private taxi. Private taxies are plentiful and surprisingly inexpensive across the country, and are a great way to travel within the bigger cities. Public transport however, is difficult and fairly complicated for visitors to navigate, so it’s best avoided if possible. If you plan on conducting several meetings in different areas during your time in Palestine you might want to consider renting a car from a Palestinian owned and East Jerusalem based car Rental Company. This will allow you to drive through both Palestine and inside Israel, meaning your travels won’t be restricted at any point. If you choose to hire a car from an Israeli based company, then changes to insurance policy regulations means you won’t be covered if you drive in the West Bank. Finally to help you find your way once you’ve hired your car, a new GPS navigation system has just been launched which is called -Igo Palestine-. This will help you locate towns, villages, check points and everything else you’ll need.

Other information For more information on preparing for your trip please visit www.visitpalestine.ps

Gigaman For Your Business Why Switch To Gigaman

If you have decided to switch to GigaMAN service, then it’s about time to manage your network more easily. This allows you to monitor the network all the time, control business costs and stretch bandwidth solutions up to the last end application. The level of service preferences such as security and latency will manage the network congestion which are all part of the management you can work around with the service. Once you have decided to use GigaMAN service select AT&T as your service provider. The circuit is designed by its very own engineers and customized to meet your exisiting network needs.

A lot of networking solutions within the same regional area are constrained by physical scope of limitations. But GigaMan solutions can create direct and very reliable connections between disbanded locations. For this reason, GigaMan is the excellent solution for industries that require high levels of capacity, communication and connectivity requirements between locations

GigaMAN performance has outstanding service capabilities and product depth and stability that ensures business continuity. The velocity of GigaMAN is something you should take into account. The service integrates on-site applications and wire line with bandwidth requirements up to 10 Gigabyte and more. The applications required are scalable bandwidth, which promote growth of existing data applications.

Businesses with on hand operating network systems are bailed from incurring additional expenses, only made possible with implementation of GigaMan solutions. GigaMan is very compatible with many network configurations. They can also be plugged with existing gigabit switch and/or router directly for immediate access to many GigaMan services.

GigaMan is one of the most reliable fast networking solutions accessible in the market of modern networking solutions today. The high-speed connectivity in the Internet is capable of achieving data transmission speeds up to 1.0 gigabits per second, which is at least twenty-two times faster than the DS3 service, and over a sophisticated fiber optic network; truly an innovation.

The dedicated point-to-point optic fiber service is powerful and reliable. It utilizes the same transmission procedure as your local area network and allows you to capitalize on your enterprise local area network speeds as well as transmit diverse data between sites.

If the other services did not impress you, GigaMAN will amaze you with its rate of transmission. The GigaMAN service permits you to send out data at extremely high speed! If the DS3 service is fast enough and satisfactory, GigaMAN is way better!

There are actually several benefits involved including-providing secure transmission in your network for added security and expanding your network in order to meet augments in bandwidth requirements, which proved to be economical. With Gigaman’s Ethernet Internet solution, you also achieve cost effective solutions. Not only can you link your network through a familiar system and technology in the Internet, but you can also expand your network to keep up with the competitive bandwidth requirements of your company.

Since so many services are offered by many providers, you might be wondering what to choose? If you have not heard of GigaMAN service then it’s about time you should really consider taking advantage of its capability. People who have businesses to manage require connectivity solutions that are above average unlike what regular users need. Having fast connections are required by many business networks to promote the productivity of its services within a given time and to gain more profit from such services.

Importance Of Business Consultancy Services

The consultancy services are increasing day by day for various industries. The consultancy is a knowledge dispersion process through which any individual or a company out sources its information. The business consultancy services include updating the client and customers with the new emerging trend in their respective business. The strategy is based on market research analysis. The market research analysis includes studying the business in the global markets and the competitions for the business.

The consultancy services include provision of strategic tools for the development and expansion of the business. The business consultancy services provide the competitors an extra edge in the competitive markets. Consultancy services are the problem solving approach where the service provider focuses on solutions rather than the problems. The service in consultation with the staff and the management works on the core domain of the problem. Hence this evaluation results in diverse solutions and better decision making process. The consultancy services works on the risks assessments and provides appropriate measure to avoid risks and to handle risks if encountered.

The consultancy services are well known for their planning strategy on the basis of the resource allocation, scheduling of the various projects and termination of the project. The consultancy services evaluate the various projects in terms of their life cycle and utilization of resources and providing high quality outputs to the organization. For an effective functioning of any organization it requires effective and strategic policies based on the proper evaluation of the business. The consultancy services provide an effective medium to review these strategies and policies of the business. The company is assured the desired results by the predictions through such consultancy services. The services provider works as a research analyst in reviewing the pros and cons of the business.

The business is not only measured on the sales and pricing strategy but also on the impact it creates in the minds of its customers. The surveys include the reviews on the operations of the business. It also requires the effective use of the human resources. The key to any business is its financial growth and stability. The consultancy services are beneficial in providing this business reviews. The policy also includes the measure of the business plans. The business is evaluated by the professional who are engaged in these consultancy firms. These are mostly the management graduates who work on the various policies of running a business effectively. Consultancy services aims at securing the place for the business in the competitive global market place. Hence a company must select an appropriate consultancy firm as the policies suggested may play a prominent role in shaping the business. For the evaluation criteria the company must review the past success of such consultancy services and the key clients of such services. This assures the company about the service providers. This also helps in establishing trust and faith about the service provider. Hence a company must select its consultancy services based on its objectives and the services including value added services provided by the service provider.

Reasons To Hire A Small Business Marketing Consultant

Many business owners operate under the false assumption that marketing consultants are only affordable for larger companies. In truth, there are many benefits to hiring a small business marketing consultant, as outlined below.
What Marketing Consultants Do
First, here’s a look at just what a small business marketing consultant does for organizations:
Overall business evaluation. It’s hard for new business owners to evaluate their young organizations. A small business marketing consultant can pull from years of business experience to assess the weaknesses and strengths of a fledgling business.
Strategic planning. Business consultants must have:
1. A strong educational record in business.
2. Extensive experience as a business leader.
3. Exceptional understanding of how business trends work.
These features allow consultants to provide suggestions on how a business can succeed. After learning about an organization and identifying major opportunities and obstacles, a small business marketing consultant should be able to create a strategic plan to lead the firm to success.
Marketing design. Chances are your small business marketing consultant can write excellent ad copy to draw in new customers. Beyond designing small business marketing strategies, consultants can construct complete marketing campaigns. From graphic design to copywriting and editing, a small business consultant can wear many different hats while helping your business succeed.
Project and process management. The consulting lifestyle appeals to many leaders in the business world. Indeed, most small business consultants are top business performers who have decided to shift to a different way of life. This means small business consultants usually have project management and process design skills, which they can employ to improve your business’s performance.
How Small Businesses Benefit
Now that we’ve reviewed just what a small business marketing consultant does, let’s explore the benefits of hiring such consultants:
A fresh perspective. Contracting with a consultant as one of your small business marketing strategies will bring you an unbiased, fresh perspective. Internal conflicts and ongoing office politics can limit one’s vision. Outside consultants are free of preconceived ideas about your business, so they can provide a fresh perspective.
High-quality help. As mentioned earlier, most business consultants have transitioned to consultancy from a star-studded business career. In other words, you’ll likely receive top-shelf advice from your consultant – and for less than the cost of a single employee.
Peace of mind. Partnering with a small business marketing consultant can help you feel calm and confident about the future of your business. With peace of mind, you can better focus on your organization’s core offerings and drawing in new business.
Cost and time efficiency. You get great bang for your buck when you hire a small business marketing consultant. Since most marketing strategy planning consultants charge hourly rates, you avoid paying employee-related taxes by hiring them. Moreover, consultants are experienced, versatile professionals capable of handling everything from social media to long-term strategic planning. Rather than bringing in a new crew of writers, marketers, project managers and designers, you can pay a trusted advisor on an as-needed basis. Hiring a small business marketing consultant maximizes cost-efficiency.
Clearly, there are multiple benefits to partnering with a small business marketing consultant. From creating comprehensive small business marketing strategies to performing overall business check-ups, marketing consultants can help your company shine.