Value addition in the Indian food industry Ushering in a new Era

India, a subtropical country with varied agro-climatic conditions, is suited for the growth of varied fruits, vegetables and spices which form an integral part of the food of Indian households. The country has enjoyed enviable position in the world in the growth of many agricultural commodities. The Indian food has always been cooked in the aromas of Indian spices which are good for health, add to the taste and provide richness to it recipes.

There is a perceptible change in the way food lands up in our homes for being eaten. This change has been due to the impetus given to the growth of the agro-processing units which convert the raw food materials into processed and semi-processed foods, ready to be eaten by the people with a few minutes of preparation. This value addition in the form of packaged foods has led to some diversion of the raw materials from the markets to the industries.

This value addition has made things a lot simpler for the people who no longer have to first accumulate all the ingredients including the common table salt and then wait for the food to be cooked. This has also introduced more variety in the Indian food market, giving more choices of delicious cuisines to the consumers. The earlier versions of the packed food available in the markets were the spice blends in the form of the famous chat masala. The recent movements are not confined to the spice blends only but these are now moving towards the agro-commodities offering the ready-to-eat recipes of delicious cuisines.

The packed food is long lasting. Suitable preservatives and the climate control features of the store give it a longer shelf life than the raw or the cooked food. Further, the food can be made ready for eating within minutes. So, you can have the instant drink in the form of tea or coffee ready within minutes. Another important feature of these value added foods is that there are well defined quality norms which make this food retain its nutritional and health value. The industries are governed by the relevant laws and all the operations take place is a totally hygienic environment with full quality control measures in place. What you get in the end is a quality product having all ingredients in definite proportions and with a standard and unique taste of its own.

Earlier, the type of food which was most commonly launched in the packed form was the snacks items or the so called junk food, such as noodles. However, there has been a shift. Now, the focus of agro-processed food is turning to the main course foods as well as the desserts and the instant drink. Further, there has been an increase in the number and variety of these processed products. There has also been a growth in the number of brands available in the market. With consumers liking these products, there are likely to be many more additions in the product range in the near future.

Precision Measuring Instruments Industry Association of Japan of 50 Years

Precision Measuring Instruments Industry Association of Japan in 1954 to create, in April 2004 ushered in its 50th anniversary. The establishment of industrial associations, so that measuring instrument manufacturers in the economy has been improved significantly. Japan, the world-class machinery products, precision measuring instruments built by the detection project, contributed to ensuring the high quality. Precision Measuring Instrument Industry Association of Japan’s 50-year history, worthy of our consideration and reference. ?
Industrial and scientific level of a country from its level of precision measuring instruments to be distinguished and distinguishing. In a country of science and technology and cultural progress, the measuring instruments and measurement techniques has played a significant role in the practice of Japan confirmed this. ?

Association to create history, to promote the development of the revitalization of Law

1. For the first time the revitalization of
Japan’s precision measuring tools, originally imported from Europe and America basically imported products, mainly to limit gauge. The late Meiji, the urgent need for military supplies and imports expanded greatly increased. Taisho-made precision measuring tools began to start domestic production of micrometer and limit gauges. ?
Since then, the invasion and during World War II military needs to expand due to the lack of advanced imported measuring instruments. In this case, poor performance and technology to replace imported equipment made in Japan, production has been developing.

2. The Second revitalization?

Korean War broke out 50 years, the various mechanical parts such as motor vehicles, increased demand for engine components, the Japanese machinery industry have been restored and developed, precision measuring instruments have been developed subsequently. 1954 annual turnover of 1.1 billion, five million yen, breaking the 1 billion yen mark, exports 7.44 million yen. Before that, measuring equipment industry, precision machinery system by the wartime control will be managed. Founded in 1948, Tool Industry Association of Japan, measuring instruments industry measurement tool in its subsidiary branch of the name activities. 1951, Japan implemented a new measurement method, but the new law in the development of measuring and testing methods and equipment manufacturers and users does not match the actual situation, differ greatly. After deliberation by the government authorities, April 26, 1954 set up a precision measuring instruments Industry Association of Japan, started its work. ?
Initial membership of 53 gauge manufacturers, which micrometer manufacturers have 10 to indicate table has nine factories, block gauge has four factories, gauge manufacturers have 30. ?

3. The third time the revitalization?

In 1956, the Japanese government promulgated the Provisional Measures Law, the revitalization of machinery industry, machinery industry, the Japanese post-war revival a large extent. To promote the modernization of production equipment, improve production efficiency and manufacturing technology, focus on developing 19 kinds of designated products, including the length of industrial design, precision measuring machines and testing machines. Thereafter in 1961, 1966 has been revised. Implementation of the Act until 1971, a total of 15 years, so that sustainable development of Japan’s machinery industry. During this period, the electronics industry in 1957, promulgated the Provisional Measures Law revitalization. Mechanical, electrical and two revitalization implementation of the law firms with comprehensive effect, in Japan, mechatronics, advanced manufacturing technology play an important role. Precision measuring instruments industry also take this opportunity, the successful expansion of the scale industrialization and development of the equipment absolute advantage import market gradually being replaced by domestic products. ?
Precision measuring instruments industry in 1956, output value of 11.1 billion yen, in the implementation of the revitalization of the law 15 years, the
value of continuous growth in output in 1970 reached 21.949 billion yen. ?

Development of industry standards, and actively implement TQC, organized trade shows, technical exchanges
Precision Measuring Instruments Industry Association of Japan set up five years later, at the 1959 formulation of JMAS industry product standards. In 1959 developed a common thread gauge Association Standards (JMAS4001), then in 1960 developed a pointer Micrometer Standard (JMAS5001), 1961 enacted the Micrometer Standard (JMAS1001) and instructions on table with a magnetic seat standard (JMAS2002), and in 1962 set the standard terminology of electronic micrometer (JMAS5002) seven industry associations such as industry standards. Development of these standards for Measurement of Japanese industrial technological upgrading equipment play an important role in enabling Japan to become the world rely on machinery, high-quality products. In addition, industry associations also test domestic and foreign products, product performance and market research, publish the relevant information. ?
From 1971 to 1973, due to the depreciation of the dollar and the oil crisis, precision instrument industry downturn, its impact extended to 1975 so that production fell to 17.829 billion yen. During this period, the market demands a light, small mechanical products, such as home appliances, personal computer up to automotive products, parts and precision, to the small sub-micron development, demanding precision measurement instruments. Electronic products and machinery products, active implementation of TQC total quality management, thereby increasing the reliability of Japanese products. ?
1987 precision measuring instruments Industry Association of Japan hosted the first International Precision Measurement Exhibition (biennial), which micron technology exhibition. Was also held seminars at home and abroad the latest technology. Into the 21st century, the micron technology exhibition and optical measurements by the Japan Industrial Association of All Japan Optical Measuring Instruments Exhibition were merged and renamed as the optical nano-technology exhibition, in June 2001 after the merger was held in Yokohama, the first exhibition. ?

The rise of technological innovation to promote market

50 years, the Japan Association of precision measuring instruments industrial development of the industry have done a lot for the positive and useful contribution to the constant pursuit of measuring instrument automation, high efficiency and quality of, for customer service and service as the Association for the production of development goals. ?
Overall, Japanese manufacturing precision measuring instruments to develop, from the annual output of 1 billion yen in 1968 increased to 100 billion yen, and then expand to 20 billion yen in 1970, Japan in 1978 to 30 billion Yuan, until the bubble of 1989 to 1990, during the more than 100 billion yen. ?
Introduction of new machinery, electronics, optical technology, continuous innovation and new product development to achieve the automation of measurement process, high-speed, high precision, diversity, digital, systematic, on-line technology and so on. New technologies, new products and open up new markets to win the majority of users.

Career Overviews Of The Growing Hospitality Industry

The hospitality industry is one of the fastest growing areas of our economy. It is a multi-billion dollar industry. It offer diverse areas of interest and allows worker the opportunity to work in multiple areas. Being able to have many areas of opportunity will allow you to gain an advantage in our economy. It is one of the oldest sectors we have in business. Americans have always enjoyed dining out and traveling for pleasure or business. This fast growing industry requires a constant fresh supply of workers and managers who are qualified and trained to fill a wide range of positions.

There are many different careers in the hospitality industry. Two areas of the industry include hotel and lodging plus restaurant and food workers. To be successful in a hospitality career you need to like to meet many different types of people and work in an ever changing environment while customers come through your establishment on a daily basis. If this sounds like you then you may be meant for a career in one of these two areas.

It the hotel and lodging area, workers ensure that the accommodations for their guest are comfortable and pleasing. They make sure to operations of their establishment run properly. There is a great range of opportunities. The United States offers over 60,000 establishments from tiny mom and pop operations to large chains establishments, plus a variety of specialty boutique hotels and well known resorts. International establishments also employ American workers in all facets of operations.

The restaurant and food service area allows you the opportunity to go from a lower level position such as prep cook to eventually moving your way up to executive chef. This area is one of the biggest employers of American workers. A great deal of younger workers begin their careers in the area. By getting some additional education and working hard they are able to have a rewarding career.

The multitude of career options available in the hospitality industry offers great opportunities for those who possess the skills, education and background necessary. The lower level positions are abundant for those with no previous work history and those seeking part-time work with optional work schedules. Because hotels run 24/7 there are a variety of shifts available and it is not hard to find full-time or part-time schedules to fit your needs.

Hospitality industry careers can be some of the most rewarding and exciting career paths you can choose. It can take you places you have never thought about before. The industry can be glamorous and exciting and can offer you the chance to travel. You will have the opportunity to be in contact with hundreds of people on a daily basis. Each day will be different than the one before. Ever changing challenges and exploding job growths is how the hospitality has survived for so long and how it will continue to survive. As long as there are people on this planet, hospitality workers will be needed to take care of their needs while away from home.

Your Career in the Beauty Industry

With the appropriate skills and a keen interest in fashion and what looks good, you could well be on the first step to a fabulous career in the beauty industry.

What is the beauty business about?

The beauty industry offers products, treatments and guidance for many who would like to improve their general appearance.

What are the most common jobs in Beauty?

A great deal of people inside the beauty business specialise in one field such as hairdressing, beauty therapy, tanning and nails. Beauty therapists and beauticians undertake a variety of skills and treatments such as ipl (electrical treatments for body hair), dermatology, massage therapy and aromatherapy.

Beauty jobs are carried out in establishments such as salons, spas and hotels. They are often associated with good health and well being.

Nowadays beauty also overlaps into the medical profession with many aesthetic surgery outlets. This creates job openings for aesthetic doctors, nurses and assistants. Beauty consultants are also used to work alongside these professionals.

What do I need to work in this sector?

To work within this industry you must have the skills that are necessary and relevant to your chosen area, for example – Hairdressing, Beauty Therapy, Nails and Make Up. Also required is an in depth knowledge, understanding and passion for the profession.

You must keep up to date with the latest trends, fashions and styles and be able to incorporate this into the solution for your client. It is vital to have good communication skills to converse well with the customer, to interpret their requests and advise on the best outcome that is right for them. Each beauty treatment or haircut must be tailor made to suit each individual taste and preference.

Within this industry there are also many opportunities to be self employed and work as your own boss. It is quite common to find hairdressers or beauty therapists that rent a room or space within an establishment such as a spa or salon. This requires extra skills in accounting and managerial aspects to keep on top of the business for smooth organisation, continued growth and profit.

There are a range of different qualifications inside hairdressing and beauty studies. They are at various levels such as apprenticeships, diplomas, NVQs and degrees.

Most courses are governed by organisations that keep the standard of education and skills at a professional level. This ensures all of the latest practises and techniques are incorporated and undertaken. This includes the current fashions and trends.

Automobile Industry Of India

India has a huge automobile industry. The country ranks 4thin Asia and 9th in the world as the world’s largest automobile Industry. India has an annual production of approximately about 2.3 million units.

Presently, India is the world’s largest manufacturer of tractors, second-largest manufacturer of two-wheelers, and fifth-largest manufacturer of commercial vehicles.

The automobile industry in India gained momentum after the liberalization in 1991. The industry has continued to grow consistently and is increasingly becoming competent in the global market. In the recent past, India has seen an upsurge in the automobile industry thanks to its relaxed restriction on the investment policies in the sector. India’s overall economic growth has also played a significant role in attracting foreign investors in India to invest in the automobile sector of the country.

The automobile sector in India has displayed great advances in relation to the utilization of new technologies and being flexible in the wake of the changing business scenario.

Both the central government of India and its state governments have taken several measures to draw investments in the sector and further accelerate the growth of the industry in the country. The government has liberalized the norms for foreign investment in the sector. Presently the government permits 100% direct foreign investment in the sector.

The government has also undertaken several policy measures and incentives to boost investment in the automobile sector of India. The most prominent policy is Auto Policy, which was drawn in 2000. This policy basically aims to establish a globally competitive automobile industry in India and contribute to the Indian economy.

The important objectives of the Auto Policy are:

1.Making India a global source for auto components
2.Aiding the development of vehicles that can be driven by alternative energy sources
3.Developing domestic safety methods that are on par with international standards
4.Steering India’s software industry into the automobile technology
5.Making India an international hub for manufacturing small and cheap passenger cars
6.Being the global center for manufacturing two-wheelers
7.Ensuring a balanced transition to open trade at a minimal risk

Thus, this ambitious Auto Policy of India aims not only to make India grow in the sector but also attract huge investment in the country.

The Department of Heavy Industry, which falls under the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, is the leading agency responsible for promoting the growth and development of the automobile industry in India.

The department assists the industry’s growth through policy initiatives, providing technological collaboration, upgrading, and R&D facilities to the automobile manufacturers.

Also, the growth of Indian middle class and their increased purchasing power supported by strong macro-economic fundamentals have been instrumental in attracting major auto manufacturers in India. Several global players, including leading automobile manufacturers Suzuki and Honda, have invested heavily in India and have managed to tap the Indian market.

All these factors and the initiatives of the government is an indication that the Indian automobile Industry has been emerging as a new sector that has unlimited potential for growth and has promise to offer valuable returns on investments. The automobile sector has not only been meeting the requirements of the domestic market but has been penetrating deep into the international market.